Experts point out that the deal under discussion with Iran is not a done deal. It is not in written form with signed agreement by the countries involved.
Iran has faced economic sanctions from the West for many years. Iran wants the sanctions removed. The West wanted Iran to stop its progress to “going nuclear.” The outcome is an agreement that still leaves many unanswered questions.
First, Iran has always said its nuclear program was for peaceful atomic energy. The kind of atomic energy used for electricity. The West has said Iran’s research and development were heading toward the production of a nuclear weapon.
If Iran had a bomb, it would threaten Israel. It also would be a threat to Iran’s Arab neighbors, such as Saudi Arabia. Would the Saudi’s then feel they had to have their own bomb?
If Iran were only interested in peaceful use, as they say, why would there be a need for an agreement with the West? The answer is no Western country believes Iran.
The agreement under discussion opens up Iran’s nuclear program for full inspection by the United Nations’ atomic agency. That should help. It also reduces Iran’s arsenal of gadgets that can be used to build an atomic weapon. One goal is to make sure Iran needs at least a year to build an atomic weapon if it decided to break the deal – and if the West learned of the break.
The agreement is for ten years.
As Iran complies with the agreement, the sanctions will be lifted.
The final written deal is due at the end of June. We do not know if Iran’s leaders will approve the agreement. We do not know what the reaction of politicians in the U.S. will be.
The next three months are critical.
Source: The New York Times April 3, 2015