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October 24, 2016
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Friday, October 28, 2016 Case Study in Domestic Terrorism: Garden City, KansasCase Study in Domestic Terrorism: Garden City, Kansas

There was a plot to bomb the homes of Somali immigrants in Garden City, Kansas. Why did the plot not succeed? [The F.B.I. “foiled” the plot by arresting three terrorists]

The Somalis refugees in Garden City came to the U.S. to seek work. True or false? [False. They came to America to escape wars in their home countries.]

What did the three domestic terrorists arrested in Garden City have against the refugees? [The three Kansas terrorists were anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant.]

Crimes against Muslims and Arabs have soared in the years since the 9/11 attack in New York.  Some think the rise is a backlash against terrorism in the U.S. and Europe. What do readers think?

How have the people and police of Garden City responded to the newcomers? [The people are supporting the refugees and the police are working with them.]

Some say the state of Kansas has not been welcoming to refugees. Why do they say that? [The Kansas governor withdrew the state from a US program to resettle refugees. Kansas state agencies have been ordered not to help Syrian refugees.]

Thursday, October 27, 2016 Good News: Counting on Your Fingers Helps

Do any readers believe that counting on their fingers made them better at doing arithmetic? If so, what was their experience?

The part of the brain that deals with sensations such as pain, pressure and heat also deals with solving math problems when fingers are used for counting. True or false? [True.]

An expert said finger counting is not something about which parents should be alarmed. Why not? [The expert said children will naturally outgrow counting on their fingers when they no longer need it.]

Wednesday, October 26, 2016 France Clearing the “Jungle” of Refugees

The “Jungle” is located in the city of Calais, France. What is it and who lives there? [The Jungle is a refugee camp. Thousands of refugees from the Middle East and Africa live in the Jungle.]

Life in the Jungle is not that bad and it is improving. True or false? [False. It is miserable. It has poor sanitation, schools and health care.]

France has tried to close the Jungle but has been faced with some critical questions. What are some of those questions? [Critical questions include what to do with the refugees and where to send them.]

Most people in the Jungle want to go to what country and how do they try to get there? [Most want to go to England. They try to sneak there through the tunnel linking France and England.]

In what ways is Great Britain trying to help the French deal with the Jungle? [Great Britain is helping to finance the cleanup operation and has said it will take children who have relatives in England.]

Tuesday, October 25, 2016 Global Trade May Pass into History

As identified in the article, what are some of the “good” outcomes of global trade? [Millions of people in poor countries have obtained jobs. Big companies have received great profits that potentially can be shared with workers and shareholders.]

What are some of the “bad” outcomes? [Thousands of jobs have been lost to workers in developed countries.]

Much of the vote in Great Britain to leave the European Union was driven by concern about migrants coming into the country and filling low-wage jobs. True or false? [True.]

Approximately how many people are in the European Union? [About 500 million people are in the EU.]

All the countries in the EU must approve any new trade agreements. True or false? [True.]

Canada wanted to make a deal with the European Union to sell dairy exports to Europe. What stopped the deal? [One small province in Belgium vetoed Belgium’s approval. Without the approval of all countries in the EU, the new trade agreement could not be approved by the EU.]

Monday, October 24, 2016 Wells Fargo: The Bank that Cheated its Customers

What is at the “heart” of the current scandal at Wells Fargo Bank? [The driving factor of the scandal is the bank’s efforts to make more money.]

What was Wells Fargo Bank’s strategy for making more money for itself? [It made more money by opening new accounts.]

 Why would college students be among those least able to understand what banks are talking about with regard to opening bank accounts? [Most college students do not have experience in dealing with bank accounts.]

It is likely the college students who opened accounts did so because they trusted the older bank representatives who came to their campuses. True or false? [Probably true.]

How could Wells Fargo Bank make money when people opened more accounts than they could track? [Confusion would occur and subsequently fees could be charged for non-payments and overdrafts.] 

Have any readers been involved with a Wells Fargo Bank, and if so, what were their experiences?

For some Wells Fargo Bank employees, the pressure by management to open new accounts was so intense that it made them ill. True or false? [True.]

Thursday, October 20, 2016 How to Raise the Wages of Workers

What is one of the reasons why a company might choose to pay its workers more than the minimum amount? [It is hoped that paying workers more will result in workers doing a better job.]

Who is likely to object if a company pays workers more and the cost of doing business goes up? [Stockholders are likely to raise concerns.]

Why would stockholders be concerned if the cost of doing business goes up? [Stockholders are primarily interested in the financial returns from their investments.]

In addition to increasing wages, the article mentions three other worker-based strategies taken by Walmart to improve its stores. What are those other three strategies? [Walmart moved to develop better training programs, to provide a path to management positions and to improve the scheduling of workers’ shifts.]

Walmart’s efforts have produced positive results. What are some of those results? [Customer satisfaction is up, worker satisfaction is up and more of worker wages are being spent in the store.]

Who benefits from reducing worker turnover? [Reduced worker turnover is good for workers, customers and the employer.]

The article suggests Walmart’s challenge can be compared to that of a soccer team. Spending more money should result in improved outcomes. What do readers think?

Wednesday, October 19, 2016 U.S. Elections are Rigged… to Favor the Candidate Who Gets the Most Votes

In the United States, every state has a Board of Elections with an official, usually titled the Secretary of State, who is responsible for making sure the balloting is honest. True or false? [True.]

How does a person become the Secretary of State? [The Secretary of State is appointed by the Governor or is elected by the people of the state.]

Who are “poll watchers” and what are they doing at the polls? [Poll watchers are usually volunteers from the political parties, they want to ensure balloting rules are followed, and they check the names of voters against a list of voters believed to favor their candidate.]

In what ways can an election day be compared to a sporting event? [Challenges to voters at the polling place can become loud arguments and the patience of voters can become frayed.

The U.S. upcoming presidential election has generated considerable controversy. Do readers believe the election outcome can be “rigged” and, if so, for what reason and by whom?

Tuesday, October 18, 2016 How Big Business Really Works

Research has shown how harmful sugar is in the diet. What health problems are linked to sugar consumption? [Sugar consumption is related to obesity and diabetes.]

What segments of the U.S. population are most likely to suffer from obesity and diabetes? [Black and Hispanic people are most likely to suffer from obesity and diabetes.]

For many years, tobacco companies said smoking was not a cause of cancer. What did this untrue denial cost them? [It cost them billions of dollars in lawsuits.]

Millions of dollars were given to research groups to study the link between sugar and health. In general, what were the findings from the research? [Findings confirmed the negative impact on health by using too much sugar.]

Businesses hate taxes on their products because it often results in lower sales. True or false? [True.]

What are some of the “lessons” learned from the tobacco scandal? [People should be warned of potential dangers from products, moderation and education should be provided to reduce consumption, and people should know about the pluses and minuses of the products.]

Thursday, October 13, 2016 The Downfall of the Islamic State is Coming: Then What?

The United States and Iraq want to retake the city of Mosul. Where is Mosul and who currently is in control of the city? [Mosul is in Iraq. It now is controlled by the Islamic State (ISIS).]

Control of Mosul by ISIS is strengthening. True or false? [False. The number of ISIS fighters is dropping and new recruits are not arriving.]

Who are some of the partners in the U.S.-backed coalition going into battle in Mosul? [Participating groups include the Iraqi army, Shiite militias and Kurds.]

What will be the hardest challenge after retaking Mosul? [Who will govern Mosul after it is re-taken will be the hardest challenge.]

There are hopes that residents of the city, an expanded local police force and local militias will keep order after Mosul is secure. Do readers think this is likely to happen?

Wednesday, October 12, 2016 It Can Get Worse: It Happens in Haiti

Haiti is the poorest country in the hemisphere, and its government is the weakest. True or false? [True.]

Just when matters in Haiti could not get worse, they did. What happened? [Hurricane Matthew happened.]

What are some of the damages inflicted by Hurricane Matthew? [Large parts of the country are wiped out. There are food shortages. Thousands of people are living on the streets or are dead or missing.]

The political situation in Haiti was in turmoil before the hurricane. Why is it now even worse? [No one is in charge because elections last Sunday were called off. The interim government does not have the power to speed recovery.]

 Why are teams of Haitian young men in the street with machetes and chainsaws? [They are trying to clear roads blocked by fallen trees.]

What is making it hard to figure out how much damage there is in Haiti? [Traffic cannot get through on many roads.]

Tuesday, October 11, 2016 The Debate From Hell

How did Donald Trump “explain” his words on a videotape about his approach to women? [He said it was “just locker room talk.”]

When Trump charged that Mr. Clinton had sexually assaulted women, how did Mrs. Clinton respond? [Mrs. Clinton did not respond.]

Because of all the recent attention to Trump’s payment of federal taxes, he has now released his tax returns. True or false? [False. He still has not released his tax returns.]

For many years Trump said President Obama was not born in America. In fact, where was the president born? [President Obama was born in the state of Hawaii.]

Some say Trump’s response to the many Republicans who are deserting him is typical of his personality. What is that response? [He says he will get even with them.]

Trump has vowed that he will stay in the race no matter what. True or false? [True.]

Trump said he would “repeal and replace” the Affordable Care Act. Did he say what with? [He did not.]

Monday, October 10, 2016 Death From Drug Overdoses Can Lead to Longer lives

Deaths from drug overdoses are rising in the United States. True or false? [True.]

What is a likely reason for the increase in available organs? [The increase results from deaths from legal and illegal drugs.]

Doctors are able to use several different organs from each person. On average, about how many organs are harvested from each donor? [About three organs are harvested from each donor.]

Three reasons are mentioned for the increase in organ transplants. What are they? [More people are dying from legal and illegal drugs. More people are living longer. The number of people who need transplants is growing.]

If a person wants to donate their organs, it can be displayed on their driver’s license. True or false? [True.]

New testing and screening programs make the chance of infection from people with diseases much lower. What such diseases are mentioned in the article? [H.I.V. and Hepatitis C. are mentioned in the article.]

Friday, October 7, 22016 Donald Trump’s Wealth Explained, Sort Of

As reflected in tax law, business losses can be used as reasons for not paying taxes. True or false? [True

Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump reported significant business losses in his 1995 New York tax return. How much were those losses? [The 1995 tax return showed he lost $917 million.]

The huge deduction is considered legal within tax laws and is available to people in the real estate business. True or false? [True.]

Hillary Clinton suggested Trump might have several potential reasons for not releasing his taxes. What did she suggest might be some of those reasons? [She suggested that he may not pay any taxes, that he may give little or nothing to charity, that he may owe money to people in Russia and that his taxes might show he is not as rich as he said he is.]

The next debate is Sunday night. It is sure to be interesting. Will readers watch it? [Discuss.]

Thursday, October 6, 2016 Inside an Immigration Courtroom and Inside the Judge’s Head

In an American courtroom, about how long does it take for asylums seekers to find out if they can stay in the U.S. or if they will have to go back to their home country? [It takes about fifteen minutes to decide in the courtroom.]

Most of the judges only speak English. Most of the undocumented do not speak English. True or false? [True.]

What are some of the problems in the U.S. courts? [The courts are overcrowded, the backlogs are huge and the judges do not have enough staff.]

What is the “help” coming for judges with regard to possible prejudicial attitudes? [Many will get training to recognize when they are not being fair and what they can do about it. They will learn how see the people before them as individuals.]

One idea is to give the Border Patrol more power to deport on the spot. Immigration advocates do not think this is a good idea. What do readers think?

Wednesday, October 5, 2016 Aleppo Facing Total Human Disaster

What is one likely outcome now that the Unites States and Russia are no longer talking to each other about getting aid to the Syrian city of Aleppo? [It means there probably will be no more efforts to establish a cease-fire in the city.]

Why did the U.S. walk away from talks with Russia about aid to Aleppo? [The U.S. said that the Russians would not commit to stopping their bombing of the city.]

Who is Russia trying to destroy in Syria? [Russia is trying to destroy the forces that threaten the regime of Assad, the Syrian president.]

If the U.S. gives more weapons and support to the rebel groups, what does it have to be careful about? [The U.S. has to be careful that weapons do not fall into the hands of terrorists.]

France wants to get a cease-fire resolution to establish a no-fly zone. What does Russia say about that? [Russia says it will veto any resolution that calls for a no-fly zone.]

Tuesday, October 4, 2016 The People of Colombia Turn Down Peace Treaty

A wide majority of Colombian people voted against the treaty to end a 52-year war. True or false? [False. The vote was split almost 50/50.]

The no-treaty vote was a big defeat for Juan Manuel Santos. Who is he? [He is the president of Colombia.]

FARC, the rebel group, used kidnapping, torture and murder to achieve its goals against the government. What did some voters fear about the treaty? [They feared the FARC leaders would get light sentences and community service. They feared that the rank-and-file fighters were likely to receive amnesty.]

With the help of the United Nations, the agreement called for a program of closing camps and turning over weapons. True or false? [True.]

Monday, October 3, 2016 President Duterte of the Philippines is Strange and Dangerous

Rodrigo Duterte says he is at war with the drug sellers among his own people. How many people have been killed in the last three months? [More than 3,000 people have been killed.]

Duterte has suggested the killing of millions of drug dealers is similar to the killing of millions of others. Who were those others and who was their killer? [He was speaking of the three million Jews who were massacred by Hitler. (Actually, it was six million Jews.)

Duterte said killing the drug users would save the next generation from the hell of drug addiction. True or false? [True.]

Duterte made a remark about President Obama that was considered offensive to many. What was the intention of the remark and how did the president respond? [It was a warning to the president not to bring up the drug deaths at a meeting. Mr. Obama cancelled the meeting.]

 What might stop President Duterte’s threat to end joint military exercises between the Philippines and the United States? [The agreements are considered “ironclad.”]

Friday, September 30, 2016 What Does America Owe Black Americans?

What entity just issued a new report that concludes America owes black Americans a lot? [The report was issued by the United Nations.]

The report says that the slave trade was a crime against humanity and that the U.S. should give reparations. True or false? [True.]

Do readers agree that, in general, American blacks are worse off than American whites?

The report recommends reparations to blacks. What other suggestions does it make to aid and support American blacks? [Recommendations include apologies, health, mental health and education programs, training in new skills, and loan or debt forgiveness.]

In which two situations were reparations paid to victims of discrimination? [Germany paid billions to Jewish victims of the Nazis. The U.S. gave money to Japanese Americans who were put in camps during World War II.]

Thursday, September 29, 2016 Donald Trump Lost the Debate: Here is Why

The article mentions some reasons why most observers thought Hillary Clinton won the Monday debate. What are those reasons? [They say she had poise, spoke about the big issues, and had facts.]

Trump supporters said it was not a good show for him because of his preparation for the debate. How has that preparation been described? [His schedule was too crowded, different people provided different advice, he was not focused during preparation, and he did not practice before a podium.]

When Trump started interrupting Mrs. Clinton, some women thought he was showing disrespect for her as a woman. What do readers think?

When Trump realized he had not won, what were his excuses for his loss? [He said any problems were not his fault. That the moderator was aggressive to him. And that the microphone was faulty.]

What are some of the criticisms that have been leveled against Trump? [Critics have said Trump believes he is smarter than anyone else. That it is hard for him to concentrate and to listen. That he does not believe he has to practice. And that he does not believe he has to know a lot.]

When is the next debate between Donald Trump and Mrs. Clinton? [The next debate is October 9, 2016.]

Wednesday, September 28, 2016 Can the World Deal With Migration?

What are some of countries that have migration problems? [Turkey, Greece, France, Jordan, Italy and Great Britain all have migration problems.]

Why do many migrants try to reach the city of Calais in France? [From Calais, migrants try reach England by crossing the English Channel.]

What is migrant tent city called? [It is called the “jungle.”]

The article mentions Greece as an example of good intentions. What did Greece want to do with migrant children? [They wanted to place migrant children in local schools.]

Why would many Greek local schools say “no” to accepting migrant children? [Schools say they fear learning may be disrupted by children and families who have come from different backgrounds.]

With regard to migrant students, most Greeks want school progras to proceed with caution. True or false? [True.]

What are the primary reasons why people chose to migrate? [The primary reasons are the need to escape from poverty and violence.]

Tuesday, September 27, 2016 Lost Before You Start Kindergarten 

For those children who will not be ready to do well in kindergarten, what kind of program might improve their chances for success? [Some experts have suggested that pre-kindergarten programs would be helpful.]

What do readers think? Should pre-k be about play and developing social skills or should it be about learning to read and do arithmetic?

With more kids enrolled in pre-k programs, how are many kindergartens changing their programs? [Many kindergartens are becoming more academic, with some even including homework and the use of tests.]

It is in the interest of the school to produce students who test well. True or false? [True.]

Maybe pre-K and kindergarten programs only start the child’s process toward educational success or failure earlier? What do readers think?

Monday, September 26, 2016 ‘From Paradise to Hell’: Syrian Aid Convoy Blown Apart

The article reports on a recent cease-fire in Syria. What was a goal of the cease-fire? [The cease-fire was intended to allow aid to reach the starving people in the Syrian city of Aleppo.]

The Syrian government inspected the cargo to make sure it had no weapons and then allowed the aid trucks to go forward. True or false? [True.]

What happened when the convoy reached its goal and started to unload the trucks? [Experts say the evidence shows that Russia and Syria launched an air attack on the convoy.]

Syria and Russia initially denied responsibility for the attack on the aid convoy. Whom did they blame for the attack? [They blamed the United States for the attack.]

An attack on an aid convoy is terrible, but it is not a war crime. True or false? [False.] It is a war crime.]

Do readers think presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump should discuss their ideas about how to help Syria during their upcoming debate?

Friday, September 23, 2016 Study Says: Immigrants Are More a Solution Than a Problem

One finding of the study reported in the article says the availability of immigrant workers did not result in lower wages for, or take away the jobs of lower wage American workers. True or false? [True.]

What is an example of the “cost” of immigrants? [Providing education to the children of immigrants is such an example.]

What are the three positive findings for the study reported in the article? [Immigrants bring new ideas, add to the labor force and are part of the growth of America.]

Many who support a path to legal status also think America should control who comes into the country. What do readers think?

In his presidential campaign, Donald Trump has made many statements against immigrants. Do the findings of the research reported in this article support his views or undermine his views? [The research findings undermine his views.]

Thursday, September 22, 2016 Sepsis: A Killer You Want to Know More About

Sepsis is not a disease like cancer. What is it? [Sepsis is the body’s reaction to an infection that is not well treated.]

What is the usual treatment for sepsis? [Proper use of antibiotics is usually the treatment.]

What are some of the symptoms of sepsis? [Symptoms include chills, fever, extreme pain or discomfort, clammy or sweaty skin, shortness of breath, a high heart rate, and confusion or disorientation,]

If you think you are experiencing sepsis symptoms, what should you do? [You should not wait to see your doctor. You should go to the emergency room immediately.]

What happens when a person develops septic shock? [With septic shock, blood pressure drops and blood flow to the body’s organs is choked off.]

Most sepsis infections are picked up in hospitals. True or false? [False. Sepsis usually starts when the patient is at home.]

What types of infections are most likely to result in sepsis? [Sepsis often develops from lung, urinary tract, skin and intestinal infections.]

Who needs to be alert to the danger of sepsis? [People most likely to develop sepsis are those who are over age 65, those with diabetes and those with immune system problems.]

Wednesday, September 21, 2016 Bridgegate” Explained: An American Style Scandal

Forty years ago, Republican workers broke into Democratic Party headquarters in Washington, D.C. What is the scandal still called? [It is called the Watergate scandal.]

What was one of the most dramatic outcomes of the Watergate scandal? [It led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon.]

What was Republican Chris Christie unhappy about even though he was re-elected as the governor of New Jersey? [He not happy that some Democratic mayors in the state had not supported him.]

The George Washington Bridge connecting New Jersey to New York City is the busiest bridge in the nation. True or false? [True.]

Tuesday, September 20, 2016 A Revolution in Islamic Fashion

What is the hijab? [The hijab is a head scarf worn by observant Muslim women.]

At the Istanbul Modest Fashion Week show in Istanbul, there was a new look. How did one observer describe the look? [The observer said the fashion was high heels, flowing tunics and colorful head scarves.]

Even as Turkey is becoming more fashion aware, some beaches in France are banning burkinis. True or false? [True.]

Can a Muslim woman be fashionable and true to her religion? What do readers think?

One designer has suggested some “simple rules” for the clothing of Muslim women? What are those rules? [The designer suggested that clothes should not be tight, that length and width should be considered and that skin should not be seen.]

Monday, September 19, 2016 The Race for President: Will the Hispanic Vote Matter?

How many Hispanic voters are there in the U.S. and what is their voting behavior? [There are about 27 million Hispanic voters. Relatively few of them vote.]

In what ways are Hispanics who tend to vote like other Americans who vote? [They tend to be older, to be long-time residents and to be college graduates.]

What are some of the characteristics of Hispanics who tend to NOT vote? [They tend to be young, single and to have lower incomes.]

Blacks had the highest voting rate in the nation in 2012. True or false? [True.]

What are some the other reasons mentioned in the article for the low Hispanic voter turnout? [Other possible reasons include difficulty with the English language, historical cultural indifference and reduced teaching of civics in schools.]

What was the intended outcome of the “Voting Rights” laws passed a half-century ago? [The voting rights laws were intended to increase the number of black voters in Southern states.]

Do readers think Latinos should be concerned about comments regarding Hispanics than have been made by Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump

Friday, September 16, 2016 The Sugar Industry Made Sure Fat was the Enemy

One of the lead scientists reassured the sugar industry executives, saying the “enemy” was saturated fat and “this is quite what we had in mind.” True or false? [True.]

Obesity is a common medical problem all over the world. Do readers believe that sugar plays a big role in obesity?

Who would benefit from shifting the blame for heart disease from sugar to saturated fat? [The sugar industry would benefit from such a shift.]

 It was common in the old days, and it is still common, for industries to pay for research studies about their products. What is different now? [Now, the sources of funding for such studies are usually disclosed.]

Thursday, September 15, 2016 Big News: The American Economy Got Better!

When did the recent recession begin? [The recession began in 2008.]

What signs did some experts use to explain why good times would not come for a long time? [They pointed out that jobs were going offshore, that robots were replacing people and that people who did not finish college would not be able to find good jobs.]

Last year the number of jobs, wages and family incomes went up. True or false? [True.]

Last year the number of people in poverty and the number of people without health insurance went down. True or false? [True.]

The median income of American households went up by 5.2 percent over the median income 2014. Was that a big increase? [Yes. It is the biggest increase in the last fifty years.]

Do readers feel that their financial situations have improved this year.

In this election year, what are Republicans saying about the good economic news? [Republicans are saying that the recovery would have been faster if they were in power.]

What is the good news was about the poor? [The incomes of the poor went up at a higher rate than the incomes of others. Their incomes remain low, but not as low as before.]

Wednesday, September 14, 2016 Women in China Saying “No” to Marriage

Why are some women in China delaying marriage and resisting having children? [They want opportunities for education, jobs, money, careers and independence.]

What are some of the current outcomes of China’s “one child” policy begun 35 years ago? [There is a surplus of men and fewer people in the primary years of marriage.]

Fewer marriages mean fewer households. What does it mean for the Chinese economy? [It means that purchase of houses, cars, furniture and other household requirements will decrease.]

Many families in the U.S. are struggling to meet both the needs of children as well as the needs of older parents. True or false? [True.]

Why would some Chinese women come to American to freeze their eggs? [They want to delay having children until they are older and have had more opportunities for achievement.]

Tuesday, September 13, 2016 Why Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin Love Each Other

What do people want from leaders? [They want leaders to be strong, to keep the country running smoothly and to keep the economy healthy.]

Why does Donald Trump say he admires Putin more than President Obama? [Trump says Putin has been a better leader than President Obama.]

Through the process of checks and balances, the U.S. Constitution limits the control that can be used by any one person. True or false? [True.]

What are the four “branches” of the U.S. government? [The branches include an Executive branch (the president), a Legislative branch (the Congress), a Judicial branch (the courts) and a “Fourth branch” (the free press.)

What some of examples of Putin’s authoritarian style of leadership? [He stifles the Russian press, removes political opposition and has his enemies beaten or killed.]

Some people admire “strong man” leaders like Putin. What do readers think about such leaders?

Monday, September 12, 2016 The Good News: Survey Shows Most Americans Think Their Lives Are Better

The survey reported in the article began in what year and, economically, what was occurring at the time? [The first year of the survey was 2008. America’s economy was in a bad recession.]

Today, six out 10 Americans say their lives have improved and that their standard of living has gotten better. True or false? [True.]

Recently, positive findings were reported for all groups. For which groups was this especially true? [It was especially true for minorities and for all income levels.]

In the first four years of the survey, black Democrats scored high on satisfaction issues. Then what happened? [Their scores dropped.] In the first four years of the survey, white Republicans scored low on satisfaction issues. Then what happened? [Their scores went up.]

Experts say this is because the economy improved. Black people in the survey may have felt their lives were not getting better.

The number of uninsured people has dropped in the past few years. True or false? [True.]

Do readers feel they are more healthy, or less healthy, today than they were eight years ago? If so, or if not, what are the reasons?

Friday, September 9, 2016 Judge Throws Out a State’s Entire School Program

Frequently, plaintiffs want states to increase the amount of money for education in poor districts. True or false? [True.]

The article is about a judge in Connecticut who wants something more than additional money for education. What more does he want? [He wants the entire Connecticut education program to be changed and improved.]

 An observer said the judge’s ruling is a “school reform decision rather than a school funding decision.” What do readers think the observer meant by this statement?

What did the Connecticut judge ask of the state’s attorney general? [He asked that the attorney general return within 180 days with a plan to solve the states’ education problems.]

Thursday, September 8, 2016 Indian Battle Over Pipeline with the U.S. Heating Up

The last big Indian victory against the U.S. was in 1876. In what “war” are they now engaged in North Dakota? [Indians are taking a stand against an oil pipeline.]

What is “special” about the land the pipeline is being built on? [Part of the site is on sacred Indian land where Indians have lived and buried their dead.]

Do readers have any concerns about the safely of oil pipelines? If so, or if not, what are their reasons?

Critics of the North Dakota pipeline say rules have not been followed. Who has not followed the rules? [The Army Corps of Engineers, big business and big labor have been accused of not following the rule.]

In North Dakota, many tribes have sent food and other supplies to the “reservation” that has sprung up on land near the pipeline. True or false? [True.]

Wednesday, September 7, 2016 Islamic State Ad: Good Pay, Exciting Work, Long Term Rewards

What is a time-proven way to solicit help and attract recruits? [Effective approaches include offers to pay good salaries and to provide good financial incentives to those who respond]

The Islamic State is using money to attract recruits. From where does its money come? [The Islamic State has revenue that comes from its oil wells and taxes on its people.]

Two targets of the Islamic State are poor college graduates and other young people. True or false? [True.]

Islamic State resources and revenues are sinking. Why are they still successful in their recruitment efforts? [They are successful because the Islamic State is still rich compared to towns in nearby countries.]

Do readers think the Islamic State in growing in its influence, or receeding? What are their reasons for their beliefs?

Tuesday, September 6, 2016 President Obama’s Role in Syria is coming to an End

The U.S. and Russia talked about Syria at the G-20 meetings recently held in China. Who is Russia supporting and whom is the U.S. supporting in the war? [Russia supports Syria. The U.S. supports some rebel groups who are being bombed by the Russians.]

 What are the two key points for ending the Syrian war upon which President Obama and President Putin of Russia cannot agree? [They cannot agree upon how to create a cease-fire so aid can reach Aleppo. They cannot agree on how to finally end the war.]

President Obama’s term ends in a little more than four months. Who do readers believe will win the presidential election in November?

What are some of the steps that Hillary Clifton has proposed for addressing the Syrian civil war? [She has called for a buffer zone along the Turkish border, a no-fly zone over the zone and a U.S.-led coalition to protect refugees in Syria.]

Trump is against placing U.S. troops on the ground, but he has said he might make an exception in Syria. True or false? [True.]

Clinton and Trump are not talking about foreign policy in their presidential campaigns. The article suggests a reason why there is little discussion and debate. What is that reason? [The article states Donald Trump’s campaign is all about himself

Monday, September 5, 2016 Coastal Flooding is Climate Change

Do readers believe climate change is real? If so, or if not, what are their reasons for their belief?

What are “sunny day floods?” [They are floods that occur when the tide is high and there is a brisk wind. They result from the warming of the ocean.]

These floods are often just a foot or two deep. So what is the problem? [They can stop traffic, swamp basements and clog the drainage of storm water.]

Miami, Florida is an example of efforts to address climate change. What steps has the city taken? [Sea walls are being built, drainage systems are being enlarged and roads along the coast are being raised to higher levels.]

Climate change has become a partisan issue. Which political party does not believe it is occurring? [Most Republicans do not believe that it is occurring.]

Some fear that federal funds are not going to be spent to deal with climate change. Why would they have such fears? [Skeptical Republicans currently control the Congress and the distribution of federal funds.]

Carbon contributes to global warming. The Chinese and American governments have agreed to reduce carbon emissions. True or false? [True.]

Friday, September 2, 2016 Trump Returns to Anti-Immigrant Views in Arizona

Donald Trump met with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto. He told the president that he would have to pay for a wall on the border. True or false? [False. The payment for the wall was not discussed.]

If Trump is not changing his position on immigration, what is he doing? [He is changing his words, not his views.]

One of the reasons that Trump went to Mexico was to show that he is thoughtful about immigration. Why was that important to him? [It might help him get the vote of moderate Republicans.]

Do readers think Trump will build a wall if he is elected and, if so, do they think Mexico will pay for the wall?

Trump said that he would deport all undocumented migrants who have criminal records. True or false? [True.]

Many Mexicans were not happy that their president invited Mr. Trump. What else were some unhappy about? [Many were unhappy that he did not tell Trump off.]

Thursday, September 1, 2016 Syrian Refugees Making Their Way Into the United States

Why are so many Syrians fleeing their homes? [They are fleeing violence.]

Why are “these times more difficult” when Americans consider refugee issues? [There is a real fear of terrorists coming into America. Presidential candidate Donald Trump has made barring all refugees a major issue of his campaign.]

 Refugees are already vetted today. How long does it typically take to complete the vetting/screening process? [It currently takes between 12 and 18 months to clear the vetting/screening process.]

Why has President Obama been “quiet” about reaching his goal for ten thousand refugees? [The number is low when compared to the size of the resettlement need.]

More than half of the Democrats in the country favor admitting refugees. How many Republicans favor admitting refugees? [Less than one in five Republicans favor doing so.]

Syrians already face a very tough vetting. After the vetting process, the acceptance rate of Syrian families is very high. True or false? [True.]

Most Syrians who are turned away are young adult men. True or false? [True.]

Wednesday, August 31, 2016 Muslims Want a Cemetery: There is a Problem

“Land use” and “zoning” laws govern the use of land. What does “environmental review” cover? [It covers water runoff, traffic, noise and pollution.]

Fighting changes in land use is an American tradition. True or false? [True.]

There is tension between Muslims and others in many places in America. What does the article state as a reason for such tension? [The tension is because the Islamic State is Muslim.]

Across the nation, towns oppose the building of mosques. It is hard to prove the reason is opposition to Muslims. What do readers think?

Walmart, the biggest retailer in America, has still not been able to open a store in what major American city? [It has not been able to open a store in New York City.]

Tuesday, August 30, 2016 Peace in Colombia: How It Happened Could Change the World

How long has the war in Colombia between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia been on-going? [The war has been on-going for more than fifty years.]

What was the role families played as a new essential component of the agreement to end the Columbia conflict? [The families of victims were able to talk to leaders about their pain and suffering from losing family members.]

What was the role gender played as a new essential component of the agreement to end the Columbia conflict? [A gender committee was created to bring the rights of others, including women, gays and lesbians, to the table.]

If fighters face severe punishment, they have no reason to stop fighting. If they are not punished, where is the justice? What do readers think?

In Columbia, those who confess to war crimes will face sentences of up to eight years of “effective restriction of movement” as determined by a tribunal. True or false? [True.]

Many believe the Columbia process and outcome can be a solution to conflicts around the world. True or false? [True.]

Monday, August 29, 2016 Trump and Immigration: What Do Words Mean?

What are some of the immigration-related actions that Donald Trump wants to take? [He wants to build a wall on the Mexican border. He wants to deport the undocumented immigrants. He wants to stop Muslim immigration into the U.S.]

Recently, Trump suggested that some of the undocumented could stay in the U.S. without citizenship and by paying taxes. True or false? [True.]

Some observers believe that Mr. Trump is tailoring his positions on immigration to appeal to the audience to whom he is speaking. What do readers think?

Trump may shift his views to appeal to pro-immigration voters. What is the potential problem with that? [He risks losing anti-immigration voters.]

Friday, August 26, 2016 Chinese Students Flocking to U.S. Private High Schools

 Why are Chinese parents sending their children to high school in the U.S.? [to get the best education and get into the best colleges in this country.]

What is the biggest problem many of the students face? [A new culture.]

True or False. It is easy to go back to Chinese schools when returning from America. [False.]

What do readers think are some of the differences in students from different countries?

Thursday, August 25, 2016 Immigration Court: Where Children Are Their Own Lawyers

 If a child crosses the Mexican border into the U.S. without a parent, he is likely to be on his own in a court of law, facing a judge and acting as his own lawyer. True or false? [True.]

Many children detained at the border end up acting as their own lawyers. What do they usually ask for? [They usually plead for asylum or some other type of relief.]

Over the last ten years more than half of the children who faced the immigration court without lawyers were deported. What about those who had a lawyer? [Among those children with lawyers, only one in ten was deported.]

The government and some cities and states are trying to help these children. What are they doing? [They are funding programs for lawyers to help children in immigration courts.]

Why are children fleeing El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala? [Crime and violence make living in these countries unsafe.]

Do readers think children fleeing from violence in their home countries should be treated the same as adults when they approach the U.S.? If yes, or if no, what are the reasons for their position?

Wednesday, August 24, 2016 Welfare Reform Hurts the Children of Legal Immigrants

 Some U.S. states have chosen not to use the Medicaid part of the Affordable Care Act program. Lower income people in those states probably get poorer health care. True or false? [True.]

Where are most of the states that refuse Medicaid located? [Most are located in the South and the Midwest.]

States that refuse Medicaid are likely to make other supports, such as food stamps, available to immigrant children. True or false? [False.]

What is TANF? [TANF is the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program, established twenty years ago for lower income people.]

What was the “leeway” that TANF gave to the states with regard to how they support poor immigrant families? [The states were allowed to use their own money for immigrant services.]

With regard to high school graduation rates, what appears to be the impact of the provision of aid to low-income legal immigrants? [The provision of aid is linked to higher high school graduation rates.]

Tuesday, August 23, 2016 Trump Makes His Case to Black Voters

Donald Trump says, “America is a country of losers.” Who is by him the largest group of losers? [Trump implies black Americans are the largest group of losers.]

The article says Trump’s view of America is “dystopian.” What does Trump mean? [It means Trump believes America, its people and its role in the world are all heading to disaster.]

Who does Trump blame for America falling apart? [Trump blames China, the Islamic State and the American economy.]

Referring to race, who does Trump blame for the perceived harm inflicted on African Americans? [Trump blames “crooked Hillary” for the perceived plight of than African Americans.]

Do readers believe African Americans will be better off under a Trump presidency? Why or why not?

Polls show that Trump has almost no appeal among black voters. True or false? [True.]

Monday, August 22, 2016 Getting to America: The Latin American Route

Migrants are trying to reach United State over the Mexican border. From where are many of those migrants coming? [Many are migrating from Asia, Africa and the Middle East.]

Most observers agree that most migrants are fleeing hunger and violence, and that they are seeking a better life in the U.S. True or false? [True.]

Many observers also agree that, unfortunately, the new routes can give terrorists other ways to enter this country. True or false? [True.]

What steps is the U.S. taking to deal with the problem of terrorists trying to reach the country? [American agents are being sent to some countries where they are training border workers on how to identify undocumented migrants and how to use databases to check migrant identities.]

 Sometimes it is difficult for Mexico to return refugees to their home countries. Why is that? [Mexico does not have diplomatic relations with many of the countries from which the refugees are fleeing.]

Friday, August 19, 2016 What is a Burkini? Why Are French Towns Banning Them?

What is a burkini? [A burkini is a modest bathing suit worn by Muslim women for social and religious reasons. It covers all of the wearer’s body, and frequently, the head.]

What are some of the criticisms leveled at the burkini? [Some say it is a sign of “enslavement” and a reflection of the oppression of Muslim women.]

What are some of the positive comments about the burkini? [Some say it is a good step forward for Muslim women.]

Americans tend to accept religious garb as within the rights of the individual. True or false? [True.]

Do readers believe that overt symbols of religion beliefs, such as the crosses, Jewish stars and burkinis, should be banned in public places?

Thursday, August 18, 2016 Trump Just Warming Up for the Campaign

Many people say the presidential campaign starts on Labor Day (Monday, September 5th). Do readers think the campaign has already begun, and if so, why do they think that?

Donald Trump feels that reading from teleprompters hampers his style. True or false? [True.]

Who are some of the people who have been insulted by Donald Trump? [He has insulted Mexicans (calling some “rapists and criminals”), a federal judge with Mexican heritage, a Gold Star mother and the Democratic nominee he refers to as “Crooked Hillary.”]

What do readers think Donald Trump meant when he suggested that gun supporters might want to takeaction if Mrs. Clinton wins?

If Donald Trump does lose the election, what is he suggesting would be the reason? [He says it will be because Democrats “rigged the election.”]

Wednesday, August 17, 2016 The People of Aleppo Suffer While States Battle

Where is Aleppo and what is going on there now? [Aleppo is Syria’s biggest city. A war is occurring in Aleppo.]

Until the war is over, what must happen in Aleppo? [Humanitarian aid must be delivered to stop starvation.]

The U.S. and Europe would like Syrian President Assad to be overthrown. Russia supports Assad. True or false? [True.]

The U.S. and the Russians are trying to find a way to work together to defeat the Islamic State (IS). Do readers think presidents Obama and Putin will be able to work together on this issue?

Turkey, Russia, Iran, the U.S. and European nations disagree about whether or not Assad has to go before there can be peace. What do they all agree about? [They all agree the Islamic State is an enemy.]

Tuesday, August 16, 2016 Are Jails Without Air-Conditioning ‘Cruel and Unusual Punishment’?

Some jail officials have suggested cooling approaches other than air conditioning. What are some of those other approaches? [Other approaches include cold showers, fans and liquids such as water.]

In some places air-conditioning is viewed as “coddling the prisoners.” What do readers think?

What is the most likely reason why some jails do not have air conditioning? [The most likely reason is that air-conditioning is expensive.]

Do readers believe that if prisoners are made comfortable by air conditioning, they will “want to come back” to jail?

Courts have said that jails must not be too hot or too cold. True or false? [True.]

Monday, August 15, 2016 Migrants in Despair as Promises Not Kept

 Where do the migrants come from? [Syria and Iraq.]

Why are they trying to get to Europe and the United States? [They are escaping war and terror in their home countries.]

Which two countries are key to managing the migrant challenge? [Greece and Turkey.

What was the commitment of the European countries? [It was to provide the staff necessary to process the migrants.]

What do reader’s think should be done?

Friday, August 12, 2016 Medical Marijuana: Federal Government Says ‘No’

The federal government says medical marijuana remains a “Schedule I” drug. What does that mean? [It means that the government believes that marijuana has not been proven to have any currently accepted medical use.]

Doctors cannot prescribe Schedule I drugs. True or false? [True.]

How many states currently allow marijuana for medical uses? [Twenty-five states permit marijuana for medical uses.]

What are some of the health problems for which marijuana provides relief for many people? [Patients with epilepsy and chronic pain have found the drug helpful.]

Do readers use marijuana for medicinal purposes, and if so, do they believe it is helpful?

Although the government will allow more marijuana plants to be grown for research purposes, why is that a change? [Only one university has a license to grow the plants now.]

Thursday, August 11, 2016 Massachusetts Bars Questions About Salary

What has The Commonwealth of Massachusetts done to try to achieve pay equity? [It has established a new pay equity law that precludes information from applicants about prior salary levels.]

What is the purpose of laws in effect about pay equity? [The purpose is to pay men and women equal wages for the same work.]

The state of Massachusetts is trying a new approach to pay equity. What is it? [Job applicants do not have to reveal their salary histories.]

 The article presents one reason why there is pay inequity between men and women. What is that reason? [Women often start their careers at lower salaries than men. Subsequent raises reflect the earlier salaries.]

Do readers agree that salaries should reflect the value of the job itself, and not the salary history of the applicant? Why or why not?

The Massachusetts pay equity law is the first such law in the nation. True or false? [True.]

Wednesday, August 10, 2016 Trump Missteps Keep Piling Up

 Trump said, “If she gets to pick her judges, nothing you can do folks. Although the Second Amendment people – maybe there is, I don’t know.” [Do readers think he was making a dangerous remark?]

 Why do many voters not like Hillary Clinton? [Many think she is dishonest.]

 Where did Khizr Khan speak? [He spoke at the Democratic Convention.]

 What are critics of Trumps tax plan saying. [His plans favor the rich.]

 What other group joined the chorus speaking out against Trump? [Republican experts on national security.]

Tuesday, August 9, 2016 No Tips for Teachers today

Monday, August 8, 2016 The Growing Pains of China

What are some of the indications that the lives of many Chinese are improving? [Incomes are rising. People want to buy better products and have a better life.]

The article suggests that Chinese people do not seem to like to shop and buy products made in China. Where is a favorite place to shop and buy? [They like to shop in Japan and buy Japanese-made goods.]

The Chinese government believes the solution to their domestic market problem is to make better products to sell at home. Others aren’t so sure this will work. Why not? [Some experts believe that Chinese consumers have lost faith in made-in-China products.]

If Chinese consumers do not trust Chinese products, why should the rest of the world? What do readers think?

Friday, August 5, 2016 At Long Last, the Truth About Flossing Your Teeth

There is a professional group primarily composed of dentists that is worried about your teeth. What is that group? [The group is the American Dental Association (ADA).]

 For more than the last 100 years, the ADA has recommended that people floss their teeth. True or false? [True.]

When the Associated Press (AP) wanted to know if flossing was a good idea, it looked at hundreds of past studies. What did the AP learn? [They learned that the studies were poorly done; that people in the studies did not have fewer cavities or less gum disease; and that flossing was not proven to improve dental health.]

Flossing can irritate, and sometimes even damage, sore gums. True or false? [True.]

Do any readers floss their teeth, and if so, will this article change their flossing habits? How?

Who no longer recommends flossing… the ADA, big companies like Johnson & Johnson or the federal government? [The federal government no longer recommends flossing.]

Thursday, August 4, 2016 Indian Workers Stranded and Starving in Saudi Arabia

 Companies go to places where the wages are low. Where do migrants go? [Migrants go to places where there are jobs.]

Thousands of migrant workers have been recruited and hired to do construction work in Saudi Arabia. Who recruited and hired them? [The workers were recruited and hired by foreign companies selected to manage the building projects.]

There are thousands of migrant workers in Saudi Arabia. Most of them are from what other countries? [Most of the migrant workers come from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the Philippines.]

Saudi Arabia has the largest economy in the Middle East. True or false? [True.]

Wednesday, August 3, 2016 Trump Digging Deeper Into a Black Hole

Donald Trump has made it clear that if he is attacked, he will respond with an even more personal attack. True or false? [True.]

 How did Donald Trump respond when Khizr Kahn said, “You have sacrificed nothing and no one”? [Trump said he said he had sacrificed in building his businesses.]

 What is a “Gold Star” family? [A Gold Star family is one in which a family member has been lost in combat. These families are honored in the U.S.]

 Trump attacked Mrs. Khan for “not speaking.” What did he suggest was the reason for her silence? [He suggested that “she was not allowed to speak.”]

 Trump has said that Senator John McCain was not a hero because he was captured. What do readers think?

Some observers are suggesting that Trump may not really want to be president and that he may want to lose the race. That he does not really want to be president. Do any readers think his candidacy might be a strategy to gain more name recognition and develop new businesses?

Tuesday, August 2, 2016 U.S. Courts Supporting the Right to Vote

The Southern states restricted the voting rights of black people. The Voting Rights Act passed by Congress did not change this. True or false? [False.]

A basic element of The Voting Rights Act was that the justice department would oversee the voting laws in certain Southern states. True or false? [True.]

The article says some states are trying again to restrict the voting rights of black people and poor people. What state is described as an example? [North Carolina is described as an example.]

To what does the term “Jim Crow” refer? It means legal segregation. For example, Jim Crow laws in the South sent black people to “colored” water fountains and made black people sit in the back of the bus.

What are some of the changes enacted by the North Carolina legislature that discourage voting? [Changes include discontinuing same-day registration; reducing early voting; restricting out-of-precinct voting; eliminating one Sunday voting day; and excluding student and public assistance photo IDs.]

Monday, August 1, 2016 Trump Waging Battle Against Union in Las Vegas Hotel

A trade union is a group of workers who can bargain with the owner of a business. Workers have a legal right to form a union. True or false? [True.]

Donald Trump is opposing a union formed in a hotel he owns in Las Vegas. What is his stated reason for his opposition? [He says the union was not legally formed.]

Why is Donald Trump’s opposition to the union of his Las Vegas hotel a big story? [It is a big story because, as a candidate for president, Trump says he is a friend of workers.]

Trump went to court to overturn the union elections in his Las Vegas hotel. What then happened? [The federal agency in charge said the result of the election would stand.]

How might Trump’s fight with the union help elect Hillary Clinton as president? [The fight calls into question Trump’s claim that he is for workers.]

Friday, July 29, 2016 America to be Kinder to Central American Refugees

Drugs are a big part of the crime in Central American countries such as Honduras and El Salvador. True or false? [True.]

The article discusses one reason that the U.S gives some people legal refugee status. What is that reason? [People who prove they are fleeing from danger in their home country are given the status of refugees.]

What would families who are trying to reach the U.S. have to prove in order to enter? [Families must prove they are in danger. They must prove they are not terrorists.]

Most steps for entering the country include a rigorous process through the U.S. court system. True or false? [True.]

Do readers think the U.S. should make it easier for refugee families who already have children in the U.S. to be reunited in the U.S.?

Thursday, July 28, 2016 Candidates Out-of-Date on China and Trade

When companies look for places to manufacture their products, they look for low wages. True or false? [True.]

What conditions in China are impacting on China’s economy? [Economic growth is slowing. Jobs are being lost. Unemployment is rising. There is excess capacity. Jobs are going to other countries.]

The article mentions Foxconn, a large company in China that is opening twelve new plants. Where are those new plants? [The new plants are in India.]

What happens when workers don’t want assembly line jobs? [Factories have to offer higher wages to attract workers.]

What is meant in the article by the term “reshoring”? [Reshoring refers to making products in ways that make it possible to bring jobs back to the United States.]

No tips for Wednesday, July 27, 2016 Democrats Go With Hillary Clinton, the Contest Begins

Tuesday, July 26, 2016 Drug Addiction Adding to Woes of Immigrants

As described in the article, immigrant Arab and Russian families in New York City are facing a new problem. What is that problem? [The families are dealing with the drug addiction of their children.]

Why does peer pressure play a big role in the addiction problems of immigrant children? [Immigrant children are trying to “fit in.” Some have reported that they started using drugs with their school friends.] 

Within immigrant Arab families and immigrant Russian families in New York City, drug use is a taboo subject. True or false? [True.]

Why do some parents blame doctors for their children’s addictions? [They blame doctors for starting their children on painkillers, which can lead to heroin use.]

Monday, July 25, 2016 Politics: The Week Past, The Week Ahead

The article says Mr. Trump believes America is on a downward path and that he wants to scare people. How is he doing that? [He has raised fears about terrorism, tensions between blacks and the police, and immigrants overrunning America.]

The Democrats meet in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They will choose Hillary Clinton to run for president. True or false? [True.]

How long has Mrs. Clinton been in public life and what have been some of her public roles during that time? [She has been in public life for forty years, serving as First Lady during the presidency of Bill Clinton, as a senator from New York and as the Secretary of State for President Obama.]

Who has Hillary Clinton chosen to be her vice president? [Her choice is Tim Kaine, the former governor of Virginia and a current senator from Virginia.]

Who is the man who describes Trump as a “sociopath”? [He is the ghostwriter for Trump’s book “The Art of the Deal.”

The election is November 8, 2016. Everyone who can vote… should vote. True or false? [True.]

Friday, July 22, 2016 U.S. Lead Coalition Winning the War Against Islamic State

The U.S. is in the fight with ISIS. How many troops does the U.S. have in Iraq? [The U.S. has about 6,000 troops in Iraq.]

What are some of the problems of Saudi Arabia and Jordan? [Saudi Arabia is tied up in Yemen. Jordan has internal security threats and is dealing with thousands of displaced Syrian refugees.]

After recent terrorists’ attacks in Nice, France is stepping up its forces in the Middle East. True or false? [True.]

Recent events in Great Britain and Turkey have made their contributions to the fight with ISIS uncertain. What are those events? [Great Britain voted to leave the European Union. Turkey experienced an attempted coup that failed.]

The article says the biggest problem facing countries in the Middle East is not the military struggle with the Islamic State. What does it say is the biggest problem? [It says that handling the flood of refugees from the fighting is an even bigger problem.]

The ISIS attacks in the West and Arab countries Indicate that the Islamic State is losing ground. True or false? [True.]

Thursday, July 21, 2016 Why Melania Trump’s Speech is Still a Problem

Melania Trump is Donald Trump’s third wife. True or false? [True.]

Melania Trump is being charged with plagiarism. What is plagiarism? [Plagiarism is to take words written or spoken by another person and pretend that you wrote or spoke them.]

Do readers think Melania Trump plagiarized some of her speech at the current Republican convention by using words and phrases used by Michelle Obama at the 2008 Democratic Convention?

What are some of the key issues used by both Melania Trump and Michelle Obama in their speeches? [Both stressed the importance of values, hard work, keeping promises and respectful treatment of others.]

The plagiarism charge makes both supporters and opponents of Trump question if he is competent to govern. What do readers think?

Wednesday, July 20, 2016 What the Republican Party and Donald Trump Stand For

What is a political “platform?” [A political platform is a statement of guiding principles issued by the political parties.]

Reviewing political platforms will reveal how the parties different from the other. True or false? [True.]

What is a principle presented in the Republican platform that is related to women’s health? [Abortion is banned. There are no exceptions for rape or women’s health.]

What are the principles presented in the Republican platform related to the rights of gay Americans? [Same-sex marriages should not be allowed. Merchants do not have to sell to gay customers.]

The Republican platform says laws must be guided by religion; judges must support “family values;” and there should be no gun control laws. What do readers think?

Donald Trump has said a wall should be built between the U.S. and Mexico; eleven million undocumented people in America should be deported; and all Muslims should be kept out of the country until “we know more.” What do readers think?

Do readers think that if more people have guns, more lives will be saved?

Tuesday, July 19, 2016 In Many States, You Can Carry a Gun to Kill Someone

What is the Second Amendment of the American Constitution about? [The Second Amendment says citizens have the right to protect themselves. It is about the “right to bear arms.”]

 This article says that you can walk up and down the street with a gun at your side in some states. What such states are mentioned in the article? [Texas and Louisiana are mentioned as such states.]

What is the N.R.A.? [The N.R.A. is the National Rifle Association.]

The killers in Dallas and Baton Rouge conducted their assaults in a military way. Where did they learn to use weapons? [They learned how to use weapons in the military.]

The killings of unarmed black men by police have sparked public outrage. True or false? [True.]

The Black Lives Matter movement began as a form of peaceful protest. True or false? [True.]

Monday, July 18, 2016 The Week Past, the Week Ahead

Why is there now so much tension between black people and the police? [Recent shootings of black men found to have no weapons on them seems to have caused two black men to shoot and kill policemen.]

 Two recent attacks have resulted in multiple deaths. Where did they take place? [Orlando, Florida and Nice, France.]

 What just happened in Turkey? [An effort to overthrow the government by force failed.]

 Donald Trump just picked a vice-president. What is his name, where is he from, what is current job? [Mike Pence, Indiana, governor.]

Friday, July 15, 2016 The Islamic State is Backing into a Corner

What does the loss of territory mean to the Islamic State? [The loss will damage their ability to plan and to recruit and train new followers.]

An expert has said al-Qaeda was more controlled while the Islamic State is more like a movement. What is one result of that difference? [It will be harder to know what the Islamic State is planning.]

Rather than gain new territories, the Islamic State terrorists have a new plan. What is that plan? [The plan is to terrorize people around the world through bombings and mass shootings.]

An observer suggested that the terrorists might become “something else.” What might that something else be? [They may become a network with branches and cells throughout the world.]

The terrorists say people are still requesting to join the caliphate. How do the terrorists now respond to such requests? [They tell these people to stay at home and wait to do something in their own country.]

Thursday, July 14, 2016 Say Goodbye to the Dentist’s Drill

Silver diamine fluoride (S.D.F.) is a new way to treat cavities. What is it and how is it used? [It is a liquid that is brushed directly onto cavities.]

What is the U.S. brand name for S.D.F.? [The U.S. brand name is Advantage Arrest.]

Studies have shown that S.D.F. can halt the progression of cavities and prevent them. True or false? [True.]

What are some of the major advantages of S.D.F.? [S.D.F. kills the bacteria that cause decay. It does not require drilling or injections to dull the pain of a drilling.]

What is the “downside” to using S.D.F.? [S.D.F. blackens the brownish decay on a tooth, making the decay more visible.]

Do any readers expect to ask their dentists about potentially using S.D.F. treatment for any cavities?

Among 2-to-5 year olds, how many have cavities? [About one out of every four.]

Wednesday, July 13, 2016 Do Police Treat Black People Differently than White People? Yes and No

A new study says the police “push around” black people more than they push around white people. True or false? [True.]

What actions are considered “pushing around?” [Pushing around actions include handcuffing, shoving people to the ground, drawing a weapon, using pepper spray and/or using a baton.

The author of the study reported in the article said, “It is the most surprising result of my career.” What is that result? [The result is that police did not shoot at black people more often than they shot at white people; were less likely to shoot at blacks; and were more likely to fire their weapons when the suspects were white.]

How many cities were included in the study? [Cities included Austin and Dallas, Texas; Los Angeles, California; and Orlando and Jacksonville, Florida.

In general, police do not use their guns. What is one of the reasons for the relatively low number of shootings? [Firing a weapon is traumatic for police officers.]

Tuesday, July 12, 2016 A Bad New World for Migrants in Great Britain

What were considered essential benefits that the European Union gave to its members? [People from any E.U. country could move to any other member country. There were would be no borders and no passports.]

Many immigrants from Poland chose to settle in what new country? [A good many moved to Great Britain.]

As the number of Polish immigrants in Boston, Great Briton grew, what else grew? [Resentment against the Poles grew.]

What other “tribal” wars are mentioned in the article to remind us that current hostilities are not new to the world? [The article mentions struggles between Sunni and Shia Muslims, Irish Catholics and Protestants, and Balkan battles over ethnicity and religion.]

Do readers agree that it does not take much for human beings to develop resentment, bigotry and hostility toward others? Why or why not?

Monday, July 11, 2016 Police Killings in Dallas Put Nation on Edge

A recent march in Dallas was intended to protest the killings of unarmed black men. A lone killer fired shots. Who died and who was injured by those shots? [Five policemen died. Seven other police officers and two bystanders were injured.]

The killer was a an army veteran. True or false? [True.]

In the past few years, police have killed a number of unarmed black men. Do readers believe that the police are more likely to kill an unarmed black man than a white, Asian or Hispanic man?

Some suggestions are made in the article to improve the current crises among police and their communities. What are some of those suggestions? [Suggestions include better mental health services, better checks on gun ownership and community censorship of extreme language and actions.]

Friday, July 8, 2016 One Last Chance to Defeat Trump Before the Election

When and where will the Republican Convention be held? [It starts on July 18, 2016 and will take place in Cleveland, Ohio.]

Donald Trump is definitely going to be the Republican candidate for president. True or false? [Well, maybe.]

The rules committee can “unbind the delegates.” What does that mean? [It means that the committee can pass a rule making every delegate free to vote for anyone on the first round of votes.]

At the convention, if no one gets the required number of needed votes in the first round, what happens? [Most delegates then are free to vote for whomever they want in the second round.]

The Rules Committee has 112 members. How many committee votes are needed to place a motion before the full convention? [Only 28 votes are needed.]

Who are some of the groups that have been offended by Donald Trump? [The groups include women, Hispanics, Muslims, immigrants, the handicapped, a war hero, Jews and all the candidates who ran against him.]

Thursday, July 7, 2016, F.B.I. Clears Hillary Clinton of Criminal Charges

The U.S. Secretary of State can send private emails, but those emails must not include classified information. True or false? [True, although it is not clear that this is a good idea.]

The F.B.I. said Mrs. Clinton’s emails did include some classified information. Why did the F.B.I. not indict her? [The F.B.I. said she did not do so in a way that was criminal.]

Mrs. Clinton is free to campaign without worry of an indictment. Now, what is her problem? [Mrs. Clinton’s reputation is in danger over whether her answers about the emails were honest or not honest. Her judgment is also in question ]

Wednesday, July 6, 2016, Terrorism Growing as Terrorists Lose Land

 Some experts believe that hatred and suspicion of others is becoming a part of politics in Western countries including the U.S. What do readers think?

Terrorists are attacking some of the countries that have helped them grow. Where have such attacks taken place? [Attacks have taken place in Turkey and Saudi Arabia.]

The Islamic terrorists are saying that you must not work with the West. They say that if you do, they will go after you. True or false? [True.]

What might be a U.S.-related reason why the Islamic State is losing ground in Iraq and Syria? [The U.S. is getting important intelligence information to make targeted strikes in those countries.]

Terrorist leaders say they are building cells of terrorist recruits in Western cities. Will readers change the way they live?

Tuesday, July 5, 2016 U.S. Having Trouble Deporting Immigrant Criminals

If you commit a crime in this country, you go on trial. If you are guilty of that crime, you go to jail. It does not matter if you are a legal or undocumented immigrant. True or false? [True.]

Why would countries say that they do not want to take back ex-convict immigrants? [They do not want these kinds of people back. They may have few resources to deal with criminals.]

What American institution has ruled that detainees cannot be held for an indefinite period of time? [The U.S. Supreme Court has so ruled.]

How many months do immigration people have to return ex-convict immigrants to their home countries? [The return must occur within six months of detaining the immigrant.]

What are some of the countries that make it hard for the U.S. to return criminal immigrants? [Such countries include India, China, Ghana, Liberia and Sierra Leone.]

What is a strategy the U.S. can take to encourage other countries to accept returning immigrants? [The U.S. can deny visas to people trying to come to America from those countries.]

More than 8,000 immigrants with criminal convictions have been released in the last few years. Approximately how many of them had been charged with murder? [At least one hundred had been so charged.]

Monday, July 2, 2016 America Declares War on England

What happened on July 4, 1776? [Men from the 13 North American colonies met in Pennsylvania and signed a Declaration of Independence.]

What rights did the Declaration of Independents grant to all men? [The document said all men have the right to “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”]

The American Constitution has changed little since it was enacted in 1787. True or false? [False. There have been many actions to extend the Constitution’s liberties to everyone in America.]

What event at the start of the 21st century has been described as the start of the assault on Western values? [The attack on the World Trade Center in New York City has been so described.]

What is meant by the word “caliphate?” [Caliphate describes a world governed by terrorists’ understanding of the teachings of the Muslim religion.]

The vast majority of Muslims reject the terrorists ‘view of Muslim teachings. True or false? [True.]

Friday, July 1, 2016 Trump Taking Any Position He Needs To

Trump has said about many of his statements, “This is just a suggestion.” [What do readers think?]

Do readers think there should be a ban against people coming from countries where there is terrorism? [Why or why not?]

Do readers think Trump supports abortion rights? [Why or why not?]

Trump said that if abortion was illegal, women who got one should face some sort of “punishment.” He then said the doctor, not the woman, should face punishment. [What do readers think?]

 Trump has said he is against same-sex marriage. Then he said people should “love who they want and express their identity.” [What do readers think?]

 Trump said, “I would bring back waterboarding, and I would bring back a hell of a lot worse than waterboarding.” He also called for killing of families of terrorists. [What do readers think?]

Trump says, “We are playing with two sets of rules — their rules and our rules.” [What do readers think he means by this statement?]

Thursday, June 30, 2016 Venezuela — the Next Crisis

Venezuela’s economy has counted on the country’s large reserves of oil. Why is this now a problem? [The price of oil has dropped worldwide.]

Hunger can create terror for people who do not have food. True or false? [True.]

Why should Venezuela not be having a food crisis? [Venezuela has huge farms and ranches, an infrastructure for processing food and a system of getting food to stores.]

The Venezuelan government says it is not responsible for the food shortage. Who do they blame for the shortage? [The government blames the shortage on foreign and domestic “enemies.”]

What actions by President Hugo Chávez contributed to the country’s current financial crises? [He spent the country’s oil money and borrowed money to help the poor. He weakened the middle class.]

Wednesday, June 29, 2016 Can the Government Make Us Eat Good Food?

What are the two poor health conditions mentioned in the article as being related to diet? [The two health conditions are obesity and diabetes.]

What was the first goal of the American food programs begun in the Great Depression? [The first goal was to help American farmers get rid of their surplus crops.]

Programs to feed women, infants and children focus the food of low-income families and the importance of nutrition. True or false? [True.]

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) works well for big stores like Walmart. Why does it not work so well for small convenience stores and bodegas? [Smaller stores have difficulty carrying more produce and fresh foods.]

Do readers think the government should be able to tell lower-income people what to eat? Why or why not?

Tuesday, June 28, 2016 Millions of People are in Servitude; Millions More are on the Move

 What are some of the definitions of ‘modern slavery? [Human trafficking, forced labor, arranged marriages.]

 What country has the most ‘modern slaves?’ [India.]

 Are most migrants still living in their countries or have they left? [Most are still living in their countries.]

 True or false, the vote in Great Britain to leave the European Union was partly due to migrants coming to that country? [True.]

Monday, June 27, 2016 Immigration in the News

What did the Supreme Court do? [It said the president could not protect the undocumented parents of American-born children. He also could not protect a larger group of “Dreamers.”]

Is the president’s program for removing criminals working? [Yes and no. Children and ordinary undocumented people are still being removed, alongside criminals.]

Birth control and abortion services are being offered to all refugees. True or False? [False, some youngsters in Catholic operated shelters are not getting the services.]

Asians are joining Latinos at pro-immigration rallies. Is there a problem? [A small one. The Korean language, for example, does not lend itself to easy-to-use cheers and shouts.]

Thursday, June 23, 2016 Birth Control Now Available Over the Internet

 It is safe and legal for doctors to prescribe birth control pills and other contraceptives through easy-to-use apps. True or false? [True.]

Out of every ten pregnancies in the U.S., how many are likely to be unintended? Experts say four out of the ten are unintended.]

Companies doing birth control business over the Internet try to be responsible by what kinds of actions? [They ask women about their health. M.D.s and other health professionals write the prescriptions.]

App birth control providers can prescribe what kinds of birth control devices? [Prescriptions can be provided for birth control pills, patches, rings and morning-after pills.]

Before reading the article, were any readers aware of the availability of birth control apps, and if so, have they tried to obtain birth control through any such an app?

What are some of the different rules found among the birth control app websites? [Some may not serve all the states. Some may have fees. Some serve different age groups.]

Wednesday, June 22, 2016 Firearms in the United States: The Senate Fails to Act

What is the weapon that killed 49 patrons at a club and 20 children in a school? [Both of the weapons were AR-15 semi-automatic rifles.]

Some people say the National Rifle Association (NRA) “owns” Congress. They say the NRA. does this with contributions of money and threats of reprisal in elections. True or false? [True.]

Do readers believe some people should not be able to own semi-automatic weapons, and if so, whom do they think should not be allowed such ownership?

What is the suggested relationship between the (in)actions of Congress and the successes of Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump in the primary elections? [People are frustrated that Congress has not taken steps to protect citizens. The successes of Sanders and Trump reflect that frustration.]

Tuesday, June 21, 2016 Trump Finding New Way to Ban Muslims

Donald Trump has proposed banning all people from some countries with a Muslim population. What do readers think?

How might Congress could make it hard to carry out a presidential order on immigration? [Congress could refuse to approve the money needed to carry out the order.]

 How might other countries react to an American ban on their citizens? [They could, in turn, ban U.S. citizens from entering their countries.]

Who might be barred from entering the U.S. under a ban? [Foreign tourists, business people, athletes and performers? Others?]

 The people of what countries are most likely to be affected by the new proposed Trump ban? [The ban would likely affect people from Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Syria.]

It is likely that the threat of terrorism will be over soon. True or false? [False.]

Monday, June 20, 2016 Does Congress Care About the Will of the People? 

What weapon was used to kill 49 people in Orlando, Florida and 20 children in Sandy Hook, Connecticut? [The weapons used in both massacres were AR-15 semi-automatic rifles.]

What is the intended purpose of the AR-15 semi-automatic rifle? [Its purpose is to kill people in battle.]

What are two of the groups that the U.S. Congress would like to keep from getting semi-automatics rifles? [Such groups include those on F.B.I watch lists and those who are on ‘no-fly’ lists.]

Most Americans say they think anyone who owns a weapon should have to have passed a background check. What do readers think?

The Supreme Court and the National Rifle Association maintain that the Second Amendment means that gun ownership is a basic freedom to which everyone is entitled. What do readers think?

Most states make it easy to own rifles, but not semi-automatic rifles. It is very hard to own handguns in many states. True or false? [True.]

 How would a federal law banning the sale of semi-automatic weapons affect the sale of such weapons at the state level? [It would make it illegal to sell or buy these weapons in any state.]

Friday, June 17, 2016 Coffee is Good for You – Do Not Ask Why

Coffee seems to reduce the risk of developing what diseases? [Coffee seems to reduce the risk of heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, brain disorders, chronic liver disease and some cancers, including liver cancer and uterine cancer.]

How many daily cups of coffee now is considered part of a healthy diet? [Three to five cups a day.]

What benefit does decaffeinated coffee seem to present? [It also seems to lower rates of chronic disease.]

What is the risk associated with “very hot beverages”? [Studies have found that it could lead to throat cancer.]

No one can say why coffee is good for you because the studies do not show cause and effect. True or false? [True.]

Moderation in all things, including diet and exercise, provides the best chance for good health. Do readers agree?

Thursday, June 16, 2016 What ‘Non-disparagement’ and ‘Arbitration’ Mean to Workers and Consumers 

Disparagement means to say something bad about something or somebody. True or False? [True.]

 What is a reason companies make workers sign such an agreement that is mentioned in the article? [They are hiring foreign worker to replace American workers.]

 What is arbitration? A dispute is decided on a case-by-case basis.

 Why do banks and credit card companies require people to sign them? [They protect companies from class actions that allow people to join together to sue the companies.]

 How do readers feel about these practices?

Wednesday, June 15, 2016 What ‘Brexit’ is About

When are Britain’s going to vote on whether to stay in the European Union (EU)? [The vote is next Thursday, June 23, 2016.]

What was the primary goal of the Common Market and now is the primary goal of the European Union? [The goals are that there never be another war in Europe.]

Currently, how many countries are members of the EU? [There currently are 28 members of the EU.]

What is the common currency of the EU? [The euro (€) is the common currency,]

What are the two events currently challenging the European Union? [Problems include financial difficulties in some EU countries such as Greece, Spain and Portugal. Mass migration from the Middle East and Africa is another major problem.]

Tuesday, June 14, 2016 Orlando Massacre: Mental Illness and Guns

Recently, 49 victims were killed and 53 were wounded in a nightclub in Orlando, Florida. Most of the people in the club were gays or lesbians. True or false? [True.]

What “facts” do we know about the killer at this time? [He was born in America. His parents emigrated from Afghanistan. He earned a community college degree in criminal justice technology. He was 29 years old. He was a court security guard. He had an ex-wife and a child.]

The weapon used in the Orlando massacre was an AK-15 assault rifle that fires many rounds. The Second Amendment allows people to own one. What do readers think?

Donald Trump say the shooting means he was right to want to ban Muslim immigrants. Do readers think Trump is correct?

The article states that, in this case, mental illness and the easy access to weapons were the likely causes of the massacre. At this point, there is no proof that the Orlando killer was a Muslim terrorist. What do readers think?

Tuesday, June 14, 2016 Money and Lower-Income People in the News

Payday lenders charge very high interest rates on loans. What can be the unfortunate outcome of a payday loan? [Borrowers sometimes have to borrow more to pay off older loans. That means they remain in debt.]

Why are banks not part of the solution to the needs to low-income borrowers? [It costs banks too much to make small loans.]

Have any readers recently tried to send money back home, and if so, what was their experience?

New York State does not allow payday lending or loans obtained from out-of-state banks. True or false? [True.]

A group called “The Faith for Just Lendingis guided by biblical bans on usury. How is the group trying to lessen the problem of high-interest rate borrowings? [They are setting up funds for low-interest lending. They are teaching people how to manage their money.]

Are readers familiar with the play/movie “Fiddler on the Roof” and do they know who Tevye is?

Monday, June 13, 2016 The Undocumented – Waiting and Watching

Presidential candidates Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton have different approaches to dealing with the undocumented in the United States. What are those different approaches? [Donald Trump wants the undocumented to leave the U.S. Hillary Clinton supports a path to citizenship for the undocumented.]

What are the two orders issued by President Obama that involve the undocumented? [One order is targeted to undocumented parents who have children born in American. The other order is targeted to undocumented young people.]

Assuming a president has the power to issue orders, what is the potential danger of that action? [If a president can issue an order, a subsequent president can reverse that order.]

People for and against immigration reform spoke out recently when two young women graduated from a high school in Texas. What was unique about these two young women? [They are undocumented. They also are their class valedictorians.]

The people most against immigration reform are older, less educated white males. The people most supportive of immigration reform are younger and more educated. True or false? [True.]

Why is the Hispanic turnout in the presidential election so important? [A big turnout by Hispanics could shape the vote and decide the election.]

Friday, June 10, 2016 Israel Suspends Ramadan Travel Permits After Attack in Tel Aviv

What is Ramadan, when does it occur and what are Muslims supposed to do during Ramadan? [Ramadan is a Muslim holy month; it occurs in June; and it is a time for visiting relatives.]

Some dispute Israel’s place in the West Bank. What do they some call the Israeli presence? [They call it “the Israeli occupation.”]

Recently, there was an attack in a Tel Aviv restaurant. The two killers are Palestinian cousins from the West Bank town Hebron. True or false. [True.]

Do readers agree that countries, including Israel, have the right to defend themselves?

What happened when Israel turned over the Gaza Strip to the Palestinians? [Hamas took control and sent rockets into Israel.]

When did Israel become a nation? [Israel became a nation in 1948.]

Thursday, June 9, 2016 President of Syria Vows to Retake ‘Every Inch’ of Syria

The president of Syria is a dictator who controls only a small part is his country. What is his name? [His name is Bashar al-Assad.]

When Assad’s troops opened fire on the Syrian people, how did the people respond? [The people resisted Assad’s armed forces with armed force their own.]

As a result of the Syrian civil war, hundreds of thousands of Syrians are dead, wounded or have become refugees. True or false? [True.]

Some experts criticize the U.S. for failures in dealing with Assad. What are some of those criticisms? [The U.S. failed to arm Assad’s enemies. It failed to respond to Assad’s use of chemical weapons.]

As stated in the article, who are the “real” victims of the Syrian conflict? [Real victims are civilians who are not receiving humanitarian aid, and who are starving and dying.]

Wednesday, June 8, 2016 Where Conservatives Are In Charge

What is one reason that state legislatures are busier than ever? [They are places that respond to conservative causes.]

Why do many conservatives believe that they need the protection of state governments? [Many conservatives feel that the federal courts no longer protect their rights.]

The 1973 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Rove vs. Wade ruled that abortion was legal. True or false? [True.]

The 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education ruled that segregation in schools was not legal. True or false? [True.]

The 2015 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Obergefell vs. Hodges ruled that states could not ban same-sex marriages. True or false? [True.]

The Supreme Court rulings mentioned in the article were not easy for some people to accept. Why is that? [Some people believe the rulings are against their moral or religious beliefs.]

Some state legislatures have passed laws banning abortions on medical grounds. There is a good chance that federal courts will find those laws violate the Constitution. What do readers think?

Tuesday, June 7, 2016 Payday Loan Industry Under Attack

The federal government wants to make it harder for lenders to give payday loans. What does the government want lenders to do? [It wants lenders to ensure borrowers have the income to pay back the loans.]

What does it mean to “roll over” a loan? [A “roll over” loan occurs when a borrower can pay back only part of what he owes and then has to borrow more money.]

What is the average weekly interest rate on payday loans? [The interest rate is usually about 15 percent a week.]

Until recently, the states made decisions about regulating the payday loan industry. What approaches have some of them taken? [Some states have banned payday loans. Some states have limited interest rates and imposed other restrictions.]

For some people, some of the time, a payday loan may be their only option for getting money. True or false? [True.]

Monday, June 6, 2016 Senator McCain Supports Donald Trump – No Matter the Insult

What was Donald Trump’s response when John McCain, a long-time senator from Arizona, was referred to as a hero? [Trump said, “McCain’s not a war hero… He’s a war hero because he was captured. I like people that weren’t captured, OK?”]

Senator McCain is supporting Trump for president. Why would he do that? [To win re-election in conservative Arizona, McCain needs the votes of Trump supporters and other conservative Republicans.]

What are some of the reasons that Latinos might not want to support Donald Trump [Trump wants to deport immigrants. He talks dismissively about Latinos. He wants to build a wall between the U.S. and Mexico.]

Donald Trump says the judge who is hearing the case against Trump University cannot be fair. What is the reason he gives for this statement? [Trump says the judge cannot be fair because he is of Mexican heritage (the judge was born in Indiana)].

Do readers believe some Arizona Latinos will not vote for John McCain because of his support of Donald Trump?

It is likely that some candidates running for office feel they have to support Donald Trump in order to be elected. True or false? [Probably true.]

Friday, June 3, 2016 The Battle for Fallujah is On

Fallujah is an Iraqi city. What fighting is occurring there now? [Iraqi forces are battling Islamic State (IS) fighters.]

After the U.S. left Iraq at the end of 2011, what did the Iraqi Shiite-led government begin to do? [The government began to turn the country into a Shiite nation.]

The Sunnis in Fallujah are trying to escape from Iraq. How is IS treating them? [IS is using them as civilian shields and forcing many to fight on IS’s behalf.]

Ali Sistani is the Grand Ayatollah of Iraq and the top Shiite cleric. In 2014 he asked Shiite men to take up arms against IS. What was the result? [IS was not removed. Cruel treatment of Sunnis increased.]

The Grand Ayatollah now says he does not want sectarian killings between Sunnis and Shiites. True or false? [True.]

Thursday, June 2, 2016 Is Breakfast the Only Way to Start the Day?

You should always eat breakfast even if you are not hungry. True or false? [False.]

Studies of the value of breakfast sometimes can be influenced by the funding source of the study. What are some examples of such sources? [Sources have included cereal companies and nutrition programs.]

What is a control group in a research study? [A control group includes one set of participants who receive the research item (e.g. food, medication) and another set of participants who do not receive the research item. The groups have to be alike in other respects.]

Who should eat breakfast? [People who are hungry in the morning should eat breakfast.]

Why should children who come to school hungry use school breakfast programs? [It is much harder for children to learn on an empty stomach.]

Wednesday, June 1, 2016 Early Look at Trump’s Chances in the Presidential Election

Each state has a certain number of “electoral” votes. How is each state’s number of these votes determined? [The votes are the number of the Congressional districts in the state plus two senators.]

How many electoral votes are required to become president? [270 electoral votes are required.]

What are the “battleground” states that are most likely to influence the outcome of the election? [The battleground states are Florida, North Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Arizona.]

Experts believe that voter turnout will be the most important factor in deciding who wins the presidential election. True or false? [True.]

Tuesday, May 31, 2016 The Global Economy and the Rise of Populism

What global events have contributed to the rise of populist political parties? [Most Western nations are not thriving. Global migration is surging.]Populism used to mean that the government should serve the people. What does populism mean now? [It means rallying people against the government.]

The article says populism is rising in the United States. What are some causes of the rise? [Causes include uncertainty about jobs and income. An fear of migrants depressing wages.]

Outsourcing American work and jobs can produce benefits. What, and for whom, are those benefits? [Millions of workers in Asia and Africa make much more money and are no longer poor.]

What does the new book “Global Inequality” say about the middle-class in modern nations? [The book says the middle-class in such nations is getting smaller.]

What are some signs that a government is leaning toward populism? [The government wants to reduce trade, to protect workers and to reduce reliance on free markets.]

Monday, May 30, 2016 We Have Met the Enemy, it is – Saudi Arabia

What is “Wahhabism?” [Wahhabism is a Saudi belief that if people do not follow a strict Muslim regimen, it is permissible to harm or kill them.]

Most of terrorists who attacked the World Trade Center in New York City were Saudis. True or false? [True.]

Wahhabism is taking place in Kosovo. What is Kosovo? [Kosovo is a small Balkan nation of 1.8 million people. Its religion is Muslim.]

The U.S. freed Kosovo from Serbia with the hope of creating a new democracy. What isthe hope of Saudi Arabia? [The Saudis hoped to spread Wahhabism and make Kosovo a radical Islamic society.]

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