Welcome to The Times in Plain English   Click to listen highlighted text! Welcome to The Times in Plain English

The Downfall of the Islamic State is Coming: Then What?

October 13, 2016
Plain English Version
Iraqi soldiers gather to go battle against Islamic State in Mosul. Photo credit: REUTERS/Stringer

Iraqi soldiers prepare to go to battle against Islamic State in Mosul. Photo credit: REUTERS/Stringer

The United States and Iraq want to retake Mosul, a city in Iraq. It now is under the control of the Islamic State (ISIS).

The number of ISIS fighters in Mosul is dropping. New recruits are not arriving. An American commander said, “Their backs are against the wall.” Still, taking Mosul will not be easy. There are dangerous tunnels and trenches filled with oil and explosives.

The U.S.-backed coalition going into battle has different interests. The Iraqi army is Shiite.  Most of the people in Mosul are Sunni. Iran-backed Shiite militias will also take part in the fight. It does not seem a good idea for Shiites to govern the city going forward.

The Kurds are another large ethnic group in Iran. Their forces are part of the coalition. They say they do not want to stay in Mosul.

Three great challenges are ahead. One is taking the city. Observers expect a long siege. There will be house-to-house efforts to clear out snipers. A second is the thousands of people who will leave the city during the battle. It will be a humanitarian crisis for aid groups.

The third challenge is the hardest to solve. Who will govern Mosul after it is retaken? Shiites run the Iraqi government. The government’s repression of Sunnis led to the rise of ISIS.

The U.S. says it will be the task of the residents of the city. They hope an expanded local police force will keep order. They also hope local militias will cooperate. All this can only begin to happen after Mosul is secure. That may take a while.

Police forces are not armies. If anything works, it will be political agreements. These are agreements that the Iraq government in Baghdad will sign and honor.

The perils are great. More than one million people still live in Mosul. They will need vast amounts of aid.

President Obama’s time in office is soon over. He wants ISIS out of Iraq as soon as possible. The next U.S. president will have a lot on her or his plate.

Source: The New York Times October 7, 2016

Print Friendly

In Brief

Too Many Antibiotics Can Make Children Heavier

Children who use a lot of antibiotics gain more weight than others. The weight they gain may stay with them into adulthood.

A study of...

Enemy of the Day: Sugar

The U.S. government is saying how much sugar we should consume. They suggest that only 10 percent of the average person’s calories should come...

Reduce Carbs or Fat: Which is the Best Way to Lose Weight?

According to one expert, “It is a lousy question.” Fats, he said, go from bad to good. All diets should have the “good” monounsaturated...

Warnings About Over-the-Counter Drugs

It is not always safe to take over-the-counter drugs (OTCs). The longer you take them, the greater the risk you will incur. They may...


  • dictionary
  • English Dictionary

Double click on any word on the page or type a word:

Powered by DictionaryBox.com
Click to listen highlighted text!