You do not become president by winning the most votes. It is by winning the most votes in each state.
Each state has a certain number of votes. They are the electoral votes. The state’s number of votes is the number of representatives the state has in the House of Representatives. Plus its two US Senators. The bigger the state’s population, the more representatives it has.
For example, the state of Wyoming has its two US Senators. With a population of only 583 thousand people, it has only one representative. It has three electoral votes.
California has a population of 38 million people. It has 53 representatives. With its two Senators, it has 55 electoral votes.
There are 538 electoral votes in all the states. It takes 270 electoral votes to win the presidential election.
The winner in most states is often not in doubt. It because of the type of people who live in those states. College-educated, the richer and many minorities live in a few states. Those states are on the East and West coasts. They include the New York region and the New England states in the East. They include California and the Northwest states in the West. These are the blue states. Blue states usually vote for the Democratic Party.
Red states are in the South and Midwest. The voters tend to be less educated and poorer. Red states usually vote for the Republican Party.
Of course, there are all kinds of people in all the states.
There are about seven ‘battleground’ states where the outcomes are not clear in advance of the vote. These are the states to watch for election results. They are Florida, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Ohio, Nevada, and Arizona.
Most of the polls close at nine o’clock p.m.