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Rise in Black Immigration to America

April 13, 2015
Plain English Version


Most black Americans call themselves African-Americans. Black immigrants from Africa and the Caribbean usually do not call themselves African-American. They prefer to refer to their country of origin (for example, an immigrant may refer to himself as “Jamaican” when asked about himself).

An expert said that these black immigrants are not joining the U.S. culture as other groups have done. They do not desire to become African -Americans.

The number of black immigrants is growing. There is more than four times the number of black immigrants in the U.S. now than there were in 1980. Their number is expected to increase.

In 2013, about 3.8 million black immigrants lived in this country. They were about 9 percent of the black population. That number is expected to rise to 16 percent by 2060.

Who are the black immigrants? About half come from Caribbean nations, mostly Jamaica and Haiti. About 10 percent come from South and Central America, including Mexico. The real growth in black immigrants is coming from Africa.

From 2000 to 2013, the number of immigrants from Africa rose by 138 percent. They now number about 1.4 million people. Most of these immigrants were fleeing violence. Nearly half of them live in the New York metro area and southern Florida.

The black immigrants are succeeding in America. Black immigrants over age 25 are more likely than American blacks to have achieved a college degree. Black immigrants are less likely to live in poverty than are American blacks.

Some experts say they are coming to the U.S. with more schooling and more money.

Migration from Mexico to the U.S. has leveled off. In fact, more Mexicans are leaving rather than coming to America.

Experts say Africa has a young population. It is thought Africans will play a larger role in worldwide migration in the coming years.

Source: The New York Times

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