A number of Republican-controlled state legislatures tried to make it harder for people to vote by requiring photo I.D. cards to be shown at the polls.
Advocates said Republicans did this to drive down the vote of minorities and immigrants, who are most likely to vote for President Obama. Republicans said they were worried about voter fraud. Most Americans support the idea of using photo I.D.s for voting. However, there is very little voter fraud in the United States.
A judge in Pennsylvania said the state’s new voter photo I.D. law cannot be used in this election. He said there was not enough time to make sure everyone had a chance to get a photo I.D.
Pennsylvania is a “battleground” state. This means the state’s vote is very important to the outcome of the election and it is uncertain which candidate will win. Non- battleground states include New York and California, likely to go to Obama, and Texas, likely to go to Romney.
The courts and the U.S. Justice Department are ruling against a number of laws intended to make voter registration and early voting more difficult.
In this election, as in so many others, the most important issue will be voter turnout.