More Mexicans are looking for jobs and education in Mexico. More Latinos are looking for jobs, education and other opportunities throughout Latin America. Fewer Latinos are crossing the border from Mexico to the United States.
The migration of workers and families within Mexico and South America is a growing trend.
Experts and government officials say there a number of reasons. One is better border enforcement, a weaker economy and more visas granted for going to the United States.
Another is the ease of moving families when searching for jobs. Living in smaller, safer cities helps families stay together.
Migration is also taking place in South American countries with strong economies. For example, the Bolivian, Paraguayan and Peruvian populations are growing in Argentina.
The governor of Oaxaca said, “It is like a river changing course. It is the process of development – it is inevitable.”
There are problems. For a long time, it has been the policy of the Mexican government to encourage growth outside of the big cities. Small towns are seeing population increases. This upsets the traditions in these towns. It also creates pressure for more schools and housing.
The drive also moves families from rural to urban areas. It is more efficient for government services and utilities to expand in densely populated communities.
A government official said, “It is the economics, but it is also the culture and more information.” Many of Mexico’s young people are hoping that more education will get them better jobs.
The great challenge, one official said, is whether there will be enough jobs. If not, people may start to move north again.