The same groups of minority voters – blacks, Hispanics and Asians – who voted for Barack Obama in 2008, returned to the polls in 2012. The result was that Mr. Obama won the Presidency again.
The differences are that there are more minority voters today than there were four years ago. And many now live in states where the election was going to be close. For example, Virginia has more Hispanic voters than it did in 2008. They helped bring in the state for the Democrats.
Black voters continued their support for the President. About nine out of ten blacks voted for Mr. Obama this year, just as they did in 2008.
Of Asian voters, about three out of four Asian voters chose Mr. Obama.
Among Latinos, 67 percent voted for Mr. Obama in 2008, compared with 71 percent in this election.
Minority voters tend to live in cities. Cities are centers of population that make up a large part of the electoral vote
Women voters gave Mr. Obama 55 percent of their vote.
The final element in Mr. Obama’s victory came from low-income voters whose turnout at the polls increased from 2008.
Experts’ say the Republicans did not expect the same groups to cast as many ballots this year as they did in 2008. In that year Mr. Obama was a fresh face and the first biracial candidate.
As importantly, the nation is becoming more divided. States on the east and west coasts have large populations of minorities along with better-educated people and more liberal voters. Middle and southern states seem more opposed to immigration and to issues such as a woman’s right to choose.
The changing face of America will become even more important in elections in the future.