In this country, only a few mothers give birth at home. Most go to hospitals to have their babies. Some go to birthing centers.
Giving birth at home is becoming more popular. Midwives deliver the babies at home. Make sure they are trained to do their job.
A new study showed the good and bad about birthing at home versus at the hospital. The good is that babies born at home will not be delivered by a caesarean section. The mothers will be left to give birth. There will be fewer interventions. Fewer efforts are made to help labor happen.
Good things also happen in hospital births. Babies born in hospitals are less likely to die during birth or in the first month after birth.
At home and in hospitals, the number of babies dying at birth or shortly after is very low.
There are some negative things about birthing at home. Some studies have reported that babies born at home are more likely to have neonatal seizures. They are more likely to need ventilators. More mothers birthing at home will need transfusions.
Experts say good midwife training and licensing will help reduce problems. Midwives should be in touch with doctors. Good arrangements should be in place to send women to the hospital if there is a problem birthing at home.
When mothers give babies skin-to-skin care, it is called ‘kangaroo mother care’ (KMC). KMC mothers place their baby under their clothes next to their skin, often between their breasts. It works very well when babies are under five-and-half pounds.
There is good news about KMC. A study reported that KMC babies had lower rates of blood infection and much lower rates of too-low body temperatures. They were less likely to have very low levels of blood sugar. They also were much less likely to go back to the hospital.
Dads can do KMC as well.
Source: The New York Times December 30, 2015