Hong Kong is a city with a long history. It is located in China. Hong Kong is one of the world’s great commercial cities. It is also one of the most densely populated. It has a great public transportation system.
Hong Kong became a British Colony in 1842. In 1984, China and Great Britain made an agreement to turn the city over to China in 1997. In return China agreed to run Hong Kong under the “British model” for the next 50 years.
The Chinese government says, “one country, two systems.”
Now, there is trouble in Hong Kong. Students and others are demonstrating for more democracy. The protesters are trying to get the public to support them. Some violence has broken out. Mainland Chinese authorities do not welcome demonstrations.
The first demand of the protesters is for the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, CY Leung, to resign. He has said he will not.
Leung said he is following the Basic Law. That law gives Hong Kong a great deal of autonomy. It calls for an independent judiciary. However, experts call it a “flawed democracy.” A group of insiders control most of the power.
Protests are continuing over the weekend. Tensions are rising. Groups with no identification, who may be gangsters, are trying to disrupt the protesters. The people are divided. Some simply want an end to the demonstrations. They want business to go back to normal.
The differences between the Chinese government and the pro-democracy groups, called the Occupy Movement, are deep. China wants limited democracy. It wants voters to choose from candidates already approved by the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
Some predict violence ahead. Paid gangs are known to use bats and meat cleavers. Some members of the business community are said to be behind them.
Mainland Chinese newspapers are saying the Occupy Movement wants to start protests all over China.
Source: South China Morning Post October 4, 2014