The violence in the Middle East has sent millions of migrants to Europe. Most are going through Turkey. They end up in Greece and try to make their way to Europe. Germany and Great Britain are most popular goals.
The European Union (E.U.) represents European nations. They are trying to stop the flow. To do this, they had to make a deal with Turkey.
Turkey will get more than €6 billion Most of the euros will be to maintain a large migrant population. Other funds will go for stopping the outflow of migrants. Turkey is a country with a large smuggling industry. Smugglers will try to evade all barriers. The migrants are desperate. They will do anything and take any chance to get to Europe.
Starting this past Sunday, Greece will send migrants who make it to Greece back to Turkey. Before sending them back, they will have their cases processed for asylum.
Processing the migrants will be a huge project for Greece. Greece is already a country stressed by financial concerns. Greece must construct a working asylum system. The E.U. will send 4 thousand staffers to manage the new agreement.
To strike the deal, Europe had to agree to some concessions. For every migrant sent back to Turkey, Europe will accept one who has a right to asylum. That could add up to 72 thousand migrants this year.
This year, almost 900 thousand migrants have already made it to Europe.
The E.U. has agreed to talks about Turkey entering the European Union. The E.U. has also offered visa-free travel for Turkish citizens to Europe.
The E.U. says the deal is a way to end “human suffering.” Turkey is also under pressure from human rights groups for clamping down on the media and human rights. The groups say these practices violate international law.
All agree that conditions for migrants in both Turkey and Greece are deplorable.
This crisis is far from over.
Source: The Wall Street Journal March 18, 2016