Last week the Egyptian army removed President Mohamed Morsi from the Presidency. They acted after weeks of huge demonstrations. Morsi was elected last year in a democratic election.
Morsi was the candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood. For years the Brotherhood fought repression by the government of Hosni Mubarak. In 2011, Mubarak was himself removed from power as a result of the “Arab Spring.”
When the Brotherhood won, there was hope it would govern in a democratic way. But instead they took steps that seemed to be against democratic rules. They pushed through a Constitution. They said actions of the president were not subject to court review.
Feelings in the street rose against them. Women want to be assured of their rights. Students and progressives felt that the heavy hand of an authoritarian government was coming.
When recent disorder took place, it threatened the wellbeing of the country. The army stepped in. To restore order they placed the president under house arrest.
The army has always been the strongest force for stability in the country. The army enjoys a privileged status. They control large parts of the economy.
Today Egypt faces a huge crisis. Will the army give power to a civilian government as it says it wants to? Who will govern the country? Will members of the new government be democratically elected? Will the Muslim Brotherhood want to join and be welcome in a new government?
Some people think political and physical turmoil will continue. There is still fighting in the streets. The Egyptian economy is in dire straits. Food and electric power are in short supply. Religion will continue to play a big role along with the rights of women. Nobody can really predict the future of Egypt.