First, there is good news for adults. Drinking more coffee may reduce the risk of getting diabetes. In fact, cutting down the amount of coffee you drink may increase your risk.
A study from 2001 to 2009 took into account smoking, physical activity and a family history of diabetes. It found that people who drank 8 ounces or more coffee every day had an 11 percent lower risk of diabetes. People who drank less coffee everyday had a 17 percent higher risk.
An expert said it is not the caffeine. “Coffee has lots of antioxidants and other compounds that are important in glucose metabolism.”
There is bad news. The incidence of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes increased among children and adolescents. This increase cuts across racial groups.
Type 1 diabetes increased 21 percent in children up to age 19.
Type 2 diabetes used to be called “adult-onset.” The new study said Type 2 diabetes rose 30 percent in youngsters between ages 10 to 19.
A doctor said, “Type 1 was a rare disease in children, and Type 2 did not exist.”
The disease used to be mostly diagnosed in white children. However, it is now increasingly found among black and Hispanic children. It is not increasing among Asian and American Indian children.
The biggest increase is among 15 to 19 year olds. A doctor said it is not known if the increases result from something in the environment or from the genes or from interaction between both.
Individuals with diabetes are more likely to have eye disease, kidney disease, heart disease and amputations.
Diabetes is harder to treat in younger people. It can have long-term consequences. It may affect the reproductive years that are ahead.
Source: The New York Times May 3, 2014