Most unauthorized migrants are caught crossing America’s border with Mexico. However, the crossings are shifting from Arizona to Texas.
The Department of Homeland Security posted a report for fiscal year 2014. (October 1, 2013 to September 30, 2014.)
A big change is that more than half of the migrants caught were from Central America. It is the first time that Mexicans were less than one-half of the migrants apprehended.
The overall number of deportations is dropping. Figures show more removals are taking place at the border. Fewer are coming from interior parts of the United States. What does this mean? The federal government says it is going after criminals. They are especially looking for criminals who are found in the interior of the country. Fewer removals are occurring, but more criminals are being deported.
Removing non-Mexicans is harder because they cannot simply be placed over the border. They must be returned to their home countries.
The president recently ordered the opportunity of legal protection for nearly 5 million immigrants. Political opponents of legalization say the president must make sure the borders are secure.
If the deportation numbers continue to drop, it may cause a problem. Opponents said the order would attract new arrivals. Is the prospect of legalization a magnet? If it is, the number of people caught and deported should rise. Many eyes are on the border.
Some matters are still in dispute. The administration says 85 percent of those caught in the interior are convicted criminals. Advocates say the U.S. continues to deport family breadwinners with no criminal records.
Source: The New York Times December 19, 2014